The revelations in the Old Testament affirm that Jesus Christ was to be born as a descendant of David and that He would be a priest after the order of Melchizedek. His name was foretold.
Elder James E. Talmage declared:
“We affirm, on the authority of Holy Scripture, that the Being who is known among men as Jesus of Nazareth, and by all who acknowledge His Godhood as Jesus the Christ, existed with the Father prior to birth in the flesh; and that in the preexistent state He was chosen and ordained to be the one and only Savior and Redeemer of the human race” (Talmage, Jesus the Christ, 6).
David was the son of Jesse (see 1 Samuel 17:12). He was the youngest of seven siblings. As a youth, David gained notoriety by slaying the giant Goliath.
The seventh chapter of 2 Samuel contains an exchange between David as king and Nathan as the prophet. David offers to build a house for the Lord. The Lord, through the prophet Nathan, accepts the offer, and David is instructed by Nathan to do all that the Lord directs him to do.
Speaking of that house, the holy temple, the Lord instructs David as follows:
“And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever. . . . And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever” (2 Samuel 7:12–13, 16).
The future kingdom to be established upon the foundation of the house to be built by David provides that the establishment of the throne of His kingdom (which refers to Jesus Christ) will be from the seed of David: “I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom” (2 Samuel 7:12).
The prophet Isaiah spoke of the seed of Jesse, through David, as the lineage of Jesus Christ. The eleventh chapter of Isaiah contains one of the clearest Old Testament messianic prophecies of the coming of Jesus Christ. The clearness of this prophecy is confirmed by modern-day revelation.