These are the endnotes from Virginia Pearce's Introductory Chapter "Angels and Epiphanies" in the book The Beginning of Better Days.
1. Daughters in My Kingdom (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2011), 1, quoting Eliza R. Snow: “Although the name may be of modern date, the institution is of ancient origin. We were told by our martyred prophet that the same organization existed in the church anciently.”
2. Joseph F. Smith, as quoted by Gordon B. Hinckley, Discourses of President Gordon B. Hinckley, 2 vols. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2005–2006), 1:185–86.
3. Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Joseph Smith (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2007), 451.
4. Richard H. Chused, “Married Women’s Property Law: 1800–1850,” The Georgetown Law Journal, 1983, 71:1359, 1361.
5. Nauvoo Relief Society Minute Book (hereafter Minutes), April 28, 1842. Available online at
6. M. Russell Ballard, “Counseling with Our Councils,” Ensign, May 1994, 26.
7. Minutes, March 17, 1842.
8. Minutes, March 30, 1842.
9. Minutes, June 9, 1842.
10. Mosiah 18:8–9.
11. 1 Corinthians 12:22.
12. Minutes, April 28, 1842.
13. Minutes, March 17, 1842, wherein Joseph refers to Section 25 given concerning Emma (and all women).
14. Minutes, April 28, 1842.
15. Gordon B. Hinckley, “Ambitious to Do Good,” Ensign, March 1992, 4.
16. Moroni 7:41.
17. “ . . . the pure love of Christ. It is never used to denote alms or deeds or benevolence, although it may be a prompting motive” (Bible Dictionary, s.v. “Charity,” 632).
18. Richard L. Bushman, Rough Stone Rolling (New York: Knopf, 2005), 461.
19. There obviously isn’t space in this essay to discuss polygamy—something that is difficult for any of us to understand. I recently read Women of Faith in the Latter Days, Vol. I: 1775–1820, edited by Richard E.Turley Jr. and Brittany A. Chapman (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2011). It is a book containing brief biographies and writings of thirty-five women of the early Restoration. It is not a treatise on polygamy, but I was surprised to note that when I finished reading their stories, I felt that I had a clearer understanding of polygamy than I have ever had before. I recommend it for that reason and, of course, for many other reasons.
20. Minutes, May 26, 1842.
21. Minutes, April 28, 1842.
22. Teachings of Thomas S. Monson (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2011), 37.
23. Minutes, June 9, 1842.
24. Bushman, Rough Stone Rolling, 458.
25. Abraham 3:25.
26. Henry B. Eyring, “Child of Promise,” New Era, August 1993, 9.
27. The March 17 Minutes indicate that Joseph Smith read the revelation (D&C 25) aloud, stating that Emma was “ordain’d at the time, the Revelation was given, to expound the scriptures to all; and to teach the female part of community; . . .”
28. Minutes, March 17, 1842.
29. Andrew H. Hedges and Alex D. Smith, “1842: Joseph Smith, John C. Bennett, and the Extradition Attempt,” in Joseph Smith, the Prophet and Seer, edited by Richard Neitzel Holzapfel and Kent P. Jackson (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2010), 459.
30. See, for example, this letter written to Joseph in August 1842:
“I am ready to go with you if you are obliged to leave; and Hyrum says he will go with me. I shall make the best arrangements I can and be as well prepared as possible. But still I feel good confidence that you can be protected without leaving this country. There is more ways than one to take care of you, and I believe that you can still direct in your business concerns if we are all of us prudent in the matter. If it was pleasant weather I should contrive to see you this evening, but I dare not run to[o] much of a risk on account of so many going to see you. General [James] Adams sends the propositions concerning his land, two dollars an acre, payments as follows, Assumption of Mortgage say about fourteen hundred, interest included. Taxes due, supposed about thirty dollars. Town property one thousand dollars. Balance, Money, payable in one, two, three and four years. Brother Derby will tell you all the information we have on hand. I think we will have news from Quincy as soon as tomorrow.
“Yours affectionately forever
“Emma Smith.” (The Joseph Smith Papers: Journals, Volume 2: December 1841–April 1843 [Salt Lake City: The Church Historian’s Presss, 2011], 110–11.)
31. Minutes, April 28, 1842.
32. Daughters in My Kingdom, 138.
33. See D&C 84:38.
34. The Joseph Smith Papers: Journals, Vol. 2, 52.
35. Jonathan A. Stapley and Kristine Wright, “Female Ritual Healing in Mormonism,” Journal of Mormon History, Winter 2011, 1–85.
36. Andrew F. Ehat and Lyndon W. Cook, The Words of Joseph Smith (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1980), 140 fn.
37. As Joseph Smith’s journal entry on January 6, 1842, states: “The New Year has been ushered in and continued thus far under the most favorable auspices. and the Saints seem to be influenced by a kind and indulgent Providence in their disposition & [blessed with] means; to rear the Temple of the most High God, anxiously looking forth to the completion thereof. as an event of the greatest importance to the Church & the world, Making the Saints in Zion to rejoice, and the Hypocrite & Sinner to tremble, Truly this is a day long to be remembered. by. the saints of the Last Days; A day in which the God of heaven has began to restore the ancient <order> of his Kingdom unto. his servants & his people: a day in which all things are concurring together to bring about the compl[e]tion of the fullness of the gospel, a fulness of the dispensation of Dispensations even the fulness of Times; a day in which God has began to make manifest & set in order in his church those things which have been, and those things, which the ancient prophets and wise men desired to see.—but deid [died] without beholding it. a day in which those things begin to be made manifest which have been hid from <before> the foundations of the world. & which Jehovah has promised should be made known in his own due time. unto his servants, to prepare. the earth for the return of his glory, even a celestial glory; and a kingdom of Priests & Kings to God & the Lamb . . . which should come to pass. in the Restitution of all things” (The Joseph Smith Papers: Journals, Vol. 2, 25–26).
38. Sarah M. Kimball, “Auto-biography,” The Woman’s Exponent, Vol. 12, no. 7 (September 1, 1883): 51.
39. During the time when Joseph was in hiding (September 1842) he wrote two letters giving specific instructions regarding baptisms for the dead, including the importance of a recorder, the symbolic significance of baptism (death and resurrection), the principle of binding on earth and in heaven through the power and authority of the priesthood, and the teaching that individuals cannot be made perfect without their dead. These letters are designated as sections 127 and 128 of the Doctrine and Covenants. Joseph takes occasion in the letters to explain why he has left Nauvoo, to reassure his creditors that his business debts will be handled, and to ask that the Saints redouble their work on the temple, despite persecution.
40. Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Joseph Smith (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2007), 510.
41. Daughters in My Kingdom, 133.
42. Julie B. Beck, “What I Hope My Granddaughters (and Grandsons) Will Understand about Relief Society,” Ensign, November 2011, 111.
43. Minutes, March 30, 1842.
44. Minutes, April 28, 1842.
45. In Don F. Colvin, The Nauvoo Temple: A Story of Faith (Provo, UT: BYU, 2002), 22.
46. In Colvin, The Nauvoo Temple, 22–23.
47. D&C 109:22.
48. Minutes, April 28, 1842.